|• Mayor||Kathy Figley|
|• City||5.37 sq mi (13.91 km2)|
|• Land||5.37 sq mi (13.91 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||197 ft (60 m)|
|• Estimate (20123)||24,223|
|• Density||4,484.2/sq mi (1,731.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||11633635|
Woodburn is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. Incorporated in 1889, the community had been platted in 1871 after the arrival of the railroad. The city is located in the northern end of the Willamette Valley along Interstate 5 between Portland and Salem. Oregon routes 211, 214, 219, and 99E also serve the city, as do Union Pacific and Willamette Valley Railway freight rail lines.
Woodburn is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area, and with a population of 24,080 at the 2010 census, it is the third most populous in that metropolitan area after Salem and Keizer.6 Those who identify as Hispanic or Latino make up a majority of the population in the city. The Woodburn area also has a significant population of Russian Orthodox Old Believers.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Education
- 8 Media
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Originally, the area around Woodburn was inhabited by Native Americans of the Kalapuya tribes. After the Provisional Government of Oregon set-up land claims in the Oregon Country, the United States annexed much of the Pacific Northwest and established the Oregon Territory in 1848. Congress then passed the Donation Land Claim Act in 1850, and many earlier land claims became donation land claims.
Eli Cooley, Bradford S. Bonney, George Leisure, and Jean B. Ducharme all established donation land claims on the eastern part of the French Prairie where Woodburn would later be founded.7 Cooley immigrated to Oregon in 1845, and Bonney established his land claim in 1849.7 Ducharme's land was sold off in 1862 in a foreclosure sale, with Mt. Angel farmer George Settlemier purchase the 214 acres (86.6 ha) on the cheap.7
Settlemier had traveled west over the Oregon Trail in 1849 and first settled in California before moving north to Oregon in 1850.8 He settled in the Mt. Angel area where he was a successful nurseryman.8 Settlemier then moved to his new property in 1863 and established the Woodburn Nursery Company.7 Despite improvements to the land, including construction of his home, title in the land remained in doubt due to the purchase via a foreclosure sale.7
During the litigation over title in the land, Settlemier borrowed money from capitalist William Reed with the land as collateral.7 When Reed began to build a railroad through the area, he decided to run the line through what became Woodburn in anticipation of acquiring the land himself as he expected Settlemier to default on the mortgage.7 However, Settlemier did not default and eventually his case made it to the United States Supreme Court in Settlemier v. Sullivan, 97 U.S. 444 (1878), and he retained the land.7 Meanwhile, transportation baron Ben Holladay also ran his Oregon and California Railroad through what became Woodburn in 1871, at which time Settlemier platted the first four blocks of the town.7
Originally, the town and station were called Halsey, but the name was changed to Woodburn due to the existence of Halsey, Oregon, further down the valley.7 The name Woodburn came about after a slash burn that got out of control and burned down a nearby woodlot in the 1880s, after the railroad line had been laid through the area.9 A railroad official witnessed the fire and renamed the community.7 The city was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 20, 1889.10
As of the census2 of 2010, there were 24,080 people, 7,545 households, and 5,375 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,484.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,731.4 /km2). There were 8,283 housing units at an average density of 1,542.5 per square mile (595.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 60.4% White, 0.5% African American, 2.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 31.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58.9% of the population.
There were 7,545 households of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.74.
The median age in the city was 31.7 years. 30.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 17.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.
As of 2000,4 there were 6,274 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.63.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18,6 and, as of 2000, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 14.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 107.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.7 males.
As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $33,722, and the median income for a family was $36,730. Males had a median income of $21,702 versus $22,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,954. About 11.5% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2000 Census, English is the most popular language, used by 46.53% of the general population and 25.94% of those aged 5-17. On the other hand Spanish is used by 45.83% and 60.41% respectively, while Russian & Ukrainian are spoken by 7.02% among the general population and 13.64% of those aged 5-17.12
Woodburn is home for a sizable community of Russian Orthodox Old Believers.13 This Christian reformed church had escaped persecution from the official Russian Orthodox Church and moved to the United States from Turkey in the 1950s. Presence of this community is seen on the streets of Woodburn by women wearing long skirts and scarfs, and men with beards.
The following businesses and institutions contribute to the economy of Woodburn.
MacLaren Youth Correctional Facility is on Oregon Route 99E on the outskirts of Woodburn, in which young delinquent and criminal males are incarcerated. Kip Kinkel (who murdered his parents, and was an active shooter in Thurston High School in Springfield, OR) was incarcerated at MacLaren until June 11, 2007 when he was transferred to the Oregon State Correctional Institute.
Willamette Ballet Academy was founded in 1982.
The World's Berry Center Museum was founded in the early 1980s. The World's Berry Center Museum occasionally produces plays by Miracle Theater.
La Fiesta Mexicana is the most important Hispanic event in the area. Each fiesta should include a queen; Francisca Gonzalez was the first selected to received this honor in the first fiesta in 1964. It was a one-day event that was held in downtown Woodburn. Forty-five years later, the event grew more popular and now it currently lasts close to a week. One of the main reasons this event happened was that the ranchers and merchants recognized the importance of the new bicultural relationship with the increased Hispanic population in the area.
The Woodburn Dragstrip is a 1/4-mile National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) dragstrip that annually hosts an event on the NHRA Lucas Oil Series.16 It is located about 2 miles (3 km) west of Woodburn on Oregon Highway 219.
The Oregon Golf Association (OGA) Golf Course in Woodburn is a public course, rated by Golf Digest in 1996 as one of the top 10 affordable courses in the United States.17 It routinely hosts many large amateur and high school events in the state.
Woodburn is served by the Woodburn School District, which includes four elementary schools and two middle schools.18 Woodburn High School includes the following small schools: the Wellness, Business and Sports School, the Woodburn Academy of Art, Science and Technology, the Academy of International Studies at Woodburn, and the Woodburn Arts and Communications Academy. Woodburn Success High School is the district's alternative high school, serving grades 7–12.19
The Woodburn Independent is a weekly community newspaper serving the immediate area.21 The region is also served by the larger Statesman Journal daily newspaper based in Salem and the state's largest newspaper The Oregonian based in Portland.
Woodburn is home to two radio stations. KWBY broadcasts a regional Mexican format and is owned by 94 Country, Inc. It transmits as "La Pantera" 940 AM. KPCN-LP is a low power community radio station owned and operated by Oregon's largest farmworker union, los Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste (PCUN). The station was built by volunteers from Woodburn and around the country in August 2006 at the tenth Prometheus Radio Project barnraising.citation needed KPCN broadcasts music, news, and public affairs to listeners in Spanish and several indigenous Latin American languages. It transmits as "Radio Movimiento" 95.9 FM with the slogan "La Voz del Pueblo."
The Transit Division of the Woodburn Public Works Department runs the Woodburn Transit System (WTS), which uses small buses during non-holiday weekdays within the city's limits, and the Dial-a-Ride program, which operates paratransit vans for reserve by the elderly and disabled during weekdays within the local area and, for medical appointments, anywhere between Portland and Salem.22
Other public bus systems making stops in Woodburn are CARTS (Chemeketa Area Regional Transportation System),23 administered by Oregon Housing and Associated Services, Inc. (OHAS) in Salem, and CAT (Canby Area Transit), run by the city of Canby.24 Both also only operate during non-holiday weekdays.
Stacy Allison (born 1958), a 1975 graduate of Woodburn High School and a 1984 Oregon State University alum, was the first American woman to summit Mount Everest during her second attempt on September 29, 1988.2526 That same year, when Woodburn Mayor Nancy Kirksey declared November 17 "Stacy Allison Day," she visited and spoke at several Woodburn venues and attended ceremonies when a street in the city, Stacy Allison Way, was dedicated to her.27
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically T-Y" (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Parker, Ivan C. (1940). "The History of Woodburn, Oregon: 1851–1900" (PDF). City of Woodburn. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Corning, Howard M. (1989) Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing. p. 219.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 1056. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956.
- Baker, Frank C. (1891). "Special Laws". The Laws of Oregon, and the Resolutions and Memorials of the Sixteenth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly Thereof (Salem, Oregon: State Printer). p. 861. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- Kramer, Andrew (November 24, 2001). "Three Centuries on, Russian Old Believers Hang on in Oregon". The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "Filming Locations for 'The Valley of Light'". The Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. October 19, 2009. p. 28. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "Track Facts". Woodburn Dragstrip. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "Course Details". Oregon Golf Association. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "Our Schools". Woodburn School District. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "Success High School". Woodburn School District. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "Chemeketa Woodburn". Chemeketa Community College. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "Our Newspaper". Woodburn Independent (Eagle Newspapers, Inc.). Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "Transit Division Home Page". City of Woodburn. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "CARTS Schedules & Fares". Salem-Keizer Transit. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- "Canby Area Transit". City of Canby. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- Hall, Bennett (April 20, 2008). "In the Footsteps of a Legend". Corvallis Gazette-Times. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Choi, Grace (March 2007). "Mountain Climber Stacy Allison". The Stacks (Scholastic, Inc.). Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Oregon State Archives: Governor Neil Goldschmidt's Records (pages 32–34)
- Karlan. Babes in Toyland: The Making and Selling of a Rock and Roll Band. 1995.
- History of Woodburn from the City of Woodburn